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    The electrochemical pretreatment of diamond microelectrodes was investigated for the purpose of learning how an anodic, cathodic or a combined anodic + cathodic polarization affects the charge-transfer kinetics for two surface-sensitive redox systems: ferri/ferrocyanide and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT). The pretreatments were performed in 0.5 mol L(-1) H2SO4. The anodic pretreatment was performed galvanically for 30 s at 250 mA cm(-2). The cathodic pretreatment was performed for 180 s at -250 mA cm(-2). The combined pretreatment involved application of the anodic step first followed by the cathodic step. The results clearly demonstrate that the best performance for both redox systems is obtained after the cathodic polarization, which presumably activates the electrode by cleaning the surface and removing site-blocking surface carbon-oxygen functionalities. The cathodic pretreatment was found to be effective at activating a fouled microelectrode in situ. This observation has important implication for the measurement of 5-HT in the bowel.


    Boris Duran, Ricardo F Brocenschi, Marion France, James J Galligan, Greg M Swain. Electrochemical activation of diamond microelectrodes: implications for the in vitro measurement of serotonin in the bowel. The Analyst. 2014 Jun 21;139(12):3160-6

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    PMID: 24802953

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