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    The genus Eremothecium belongs to the Saccharomyces complex of pre-whole-genome duplication (WGD) yeasts and contains both dimorphic and filamentous species. We established the 9.1-Mb draft genome of Eremothecium coryli, which encodes 4,682 genes, 186 tRNA genes, and harbors several Ty3 transposons as well as more than 60 remnants of transposition events (LTRs). The initial de novo assembly resulted in 19 scaffolds, which were assembled based on synteny to other Eremothecium genomes into six chromosomes. Interestingly, we identified eight E. coryli loci that bear centromeres in the closely related species E. cymbalariae. Two of these E. coryli loci, CEN1 and CEN8, however, lack conserved DNA elements and did not convey centromere function in a plasmid stability assay. Correspondingly, using a comparative genomics approach we identified two telomere-to-telomere fusion events in E. coryli as the cause of chromosome number reduction from eight to six chromosomes. Finally, with the genome sequences of E. coryli, E. cymbalariae, and Ashbya gossypii a reconstruction of three complete chromosomes of an Eremothecium ancestor revealed that E. coryli is more syntenic to this ancestor than the other Eremothecium species. © The Author(s) 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.

    Citation

    Jürgen Wendland, Andrea Walther. Chromosome number reduction in Eremothecium coryli by two telomere-to-telomere fusions. Genome biology and evolution. 2014 May;6(5):1186-98

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    PMID: 24803574

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