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    Reperfusion of the rat kidney has been shown to up-regulate cysteinyl leukotriene-1 receptor, an asthma-associated gene in human bronchioles, and increase expression of leukotriene D4. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of MK-571, a leukotriene D4 inhibitor, against hypersensitivity induced by kidney ischemia and reperfusion (I/R)-associated acute kidney injury. Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into 3 study groups: a sham-operated group, a kidney I/R group, and a group treated with MK-571 before the kidney I/R injury: MK-571 (5 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 15 minutes before ischemia and every 12 hours after reperfusion up to 24 hours. Ischemia was conducted by bilateral occlusion of renal pedicles for 45 minutes, followed by releasing the clamps and closing the abdominal incision. Respiratory function was tested 24 hours after reperfusion, with the use of a 2-chamber whole body plethysmograph for conscious rats. Blood samples, pulmonary bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and lung tissues were collected at the end of study. In 10 rats, urine was collected at baseline and the end of study. Compared with the sham group, kidney I/R injury markedly increased enhanced pause (Penh) index during methacholine challenge test (P < .05), suggesting airway hypersensitivity; it also increased in inflammatory response and levels of hydroxyl radical production and lipid peroxidation in the lungs. In contrast, in MK-571-treated rats, Penh was muted during methacholine challenge test (P < .05). Kidney I/R injury induces airway hypersensitivity to methacholine challenge test and inflammatory response and oxidative stress in the lungs. Treatment with MK-571, a leukotriene D4 inhibitor, effectively attenuates airway hypersensitivity, pulmonary inflammatory response, and lung and kidney injury. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    N-C Wu, S-P Tong, Y-C Yang, J-C Wang, J-J Wang. MK-571 attenuates kidney ischemia and reperfusion-induced airway hypersensitivity in rats. Transplantation proceedings. 2014 May;46(4):1127-30

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    PMID: 24815144

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