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    Epi proColonĀ® is a new blood-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test designed to determine the methylation status of a promoter region of the SEPT9 (septin 9) gene in cell-free DNA isolated from plasma. We describe the analytical and clinical performance of the test. Analytical performance at 4 testing laboratories included determination of limit of detection, precision, and reproducibility of the SEPT9 test. Clinical performance was evaluated in a prospective study by use of samples (n = 1544) from subjects enrolled in the PRESEPT clinical trial. Results were analyzed by comparison with colonoscopy, the reference standard. The limit of detection for methylated SEPT9 DNA was 7.8 pg/mL (95% CI 6-11 pg/mL) corresponding to <2 genome copies of methylated SEPT9 per milliliter of plasma. In the prospective clinical trial, sensitivity for all stages of CRC was 68% (95% CI 53%-80%) and for stage I-III CRC, 64% (48%-77%). Adjusted specificity, on the basis of negative colonoscopy findings, was 80.0% (78%-82%). The Epi proColon test is a simple, real-time PCR-based assay for the detection of methylated SEPT9 DNA in blood that may provide a noninvasive CRC screening alternative for people noncompliant with current CRC screening guidelines. Ā© 2014 American Association for Clinical Chemistry.

    Citation

    Nicholas T Potter, Patrick Hurban, Mary N White, Kara D Whitlock, Catherine E Lofton-Day, Reimo Tetzner, Thomas Koenig, Neil B Quigley, Gunter Weiss. Validation of a real-time PCR-based qualitative assay for the detection of methylated SEPT9 DNA in human plasma. Clinical chemistry. 2014 Sep;60(9):1183-91

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    PMID: 24938752

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