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House dust mites (HDMs) belong to the most potent indoor allergen sources worldwide and are associated with allergic manifestations in the respiratory tract and the skin. Here we studied the importance of the high-molecular-weight group 11 allergen from Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p 11) in HDM allergy. Sequence analysis showed that Der p 11 has high homology to paramyosins from mites, ticks, and other invertebrates. A synthetic gene coding for Der p 11 was expressed in Escherichia coli and rDer p 11 purified to homogeneity as folded, alpha-helical protein as determined by circular dichroism spectroscopy. Using antibodies raised against rDer p 11 and immunogold electron microscopy, the allergen was localized in the muscle beneath the skin of mite bodies but not in feces. IgE reactivity of rDer p 11 was tested with sera from HDM-allergic patients from Europe and Africa in radioallergosorbent test-based dot-blot assays. Interestingly, we found that Der p 11 is a major allergen for patients suffering from atopic dermatitis (AD), whereas it is only a minor allergen for patients suffering from respiratory forms of HDM allergy. Thus, rDer p 11 might be a useful serological marker allergen for the identification of a subgroup of HDM-allergic patients suffering from HDM-associated AD.


Srinita Banerjee, Yvonne Resch, Kuan-Wei Chen, Ines Swoboda, Margit Focke-Tejkl, Katharina Blatt, Natalija Novak, Magnus Wickman, Marianne van Hage, Rosetta Ferrara, Adriano Mari, Ashok Purohit, Gabrielle Pauli, Elopy N Sibanda, Portia Ndlovu, Wayne R Thomas, Vladislav Krzyzanek, Sebastian Tacke, Ursula Malkus, Peter Valent, Rudolf Valenta, Susanne Vrtala. Der p 11 is a major allergen for house dust mite-allergic patients suffering from atopic dermatitis. The Journal of investigative dermatology. 2015 Jan;135(1):102-109

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PMID: 24999597

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