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To investigate EXT1 and EXT2 genes mutations in a family with hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HME). A four-generation family with HME from Linyi city of Shandong Province was studied. There were 6 affected individuals among the 17 family members. Physical examination and radiographical evaluations were carried out for all family members. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral venous blood and the samples were subjected to mutation screening by PCR of the coding regions of EXT1 and EXT2 genes. The family has featured an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Sequencing of the EXT1 and EXT2 genes suggested the causative gene in this family was in linkage with the second exon of EXT2. A c.244delG mutation was detected, which has resulted in a frameshift mutation p.Asp81IlefsX30. The mutation was found in all of the 6 affected individuals but not in normal family members. And the mutation has co-segregated with the phenotype. The mutation c.244delG in the EXT2 gene is the probably the cause of the disease in this family.


Lin Li, Xiao Li, Yongchao Liu, Shuqi Zheng, Jixia Zhang, Qiji Liu, Xueyuan Heng. Mutation analysis of EXT2 gene in a family with hereditary multiple exostosis]. Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics. 2014 Dec;31(6):743-6

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PMID: 25449079

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