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Anti-idiotype antibodies against a therapeutic antibody are key reagents for the development of immunogenicity and pharmacokinetic (PK) assays during pre-clinical and clinical development. Here we have used a combination of phage and ribosome display to isolate a panel of monoclonal anti-idiotype antibodies with sub-nanomolar affinity and high specificity to a human anti-IgE monoclonal antibody. Anti-idiotype antibodies were enriched from scFv libraries using phage display, and a biochemical epitope competition assay was used to identify anti-idiotypes which neutralized IgE binding, which was essential for the intended use of the anti-idiotypes as positive controls in neutralizing anti-drug antibody (Nab) assays. The phage display-derived anti-idiotype antibodies were rapidly affinity-matured using a random point mutagenesis approach in ribosome display. Ten anti-idiotype antibodies with improved neutralizing activity relative to the parent antibodies displayed sub-nanomolar affinity for the anti-IgE antibody, representing up to 20-fold improvements in affinity from just two rounds of affinity-based selection. The optimized anti-idiotype antibodies retained the specificity of the parent antibodies, and importantly, were fit for purpose for use in PK and anti-drug antibody (ADA) assays. The approach we describe here for generation of anti-idiotype antibodies to an anti-IgE antibody is generically applicable for the rapid isolation and affinity maturation of anti-idiotype antibodies to any antibody-based drug candidate. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Stacey E Chin, Franco Ferraro, Maria Groves, Meina Liang, Tristan J Vaughan, Claire L Dobson. Isolation of high-affinity, neutralizing anti-idiotype antibodies by phage and ribosome display for application in immunogenicity and pharmacokinetic analyses. Journal of immunological methods. 2015 Jan;416:49-58

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PMID: 25449532

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