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Metallothioneins I/II (MT) are commonly expressed in mammalian tissues and are highly inducible in the response to stress conditions. Doxorubicin (DOX) intoxication promotes oxidative stress and subsequent apoptosis leading to kidney damage. The present study investigates a correlation between endogenous MT expression and DOX-induced apoptosis in renal tubular cells. Experiments were conducted on Buffalo rats receiving DOX (8 mg/kg b.w. for 3 weeks) versus control rats injected with saline. The histopathological alterations and apoptosis (TUNEL) were evaluated in tissue sections. MT expression and tissue localization was examined using immunohistochemical method (IHC). Western blot (WB) was used to evaluate pro-caspase-3, active caspase-3 and MT expression level in tissue homogenates. Examination of renal tissue revealed severe nephrotoxicity in DOX-treated animals. Apoptosis was observed in distal convoluted tubular cells, whereas MT was detected in proximal tubular cells. A significant increase in pro-caspase-3, active caspase-3 and MT expression levels (WB) were seen in DOX group. Positive correlations between histopathological lesions, apoptosis and MT expression were observed. The results obtained in this study could suggest the protective and antiapoptotic effect of MT expression in renal proximal tubular cells under DOX intoxication. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Magdalena Chmielewska, Krzysztof Symonowicz, Bartosz Pula, Tomasz Owczarek, Marzenna Podhorska-Okolow, Maciej Ugorski, Piotr Dziegiel. Expression of metallothioneins I and II in kidney of doxorubicin-treated rats. Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie. 2015 Apr;67(4):297-303

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PMID: 25704488

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