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    Local mediators orchestrate the host response to both sterile and infectious challenge and resolution. Recent evidence demonstrates that maresin sulfido-conjugates actively resolve acute inflammation and promote tissue regeneration. In this report, we investigated self-limited infectious exudates for novel bioactive chemical signals in tissue regeneration and resolution. By use of spleens from Escherichia coli infected mice, self-resolving infectious exudates, human spleens, and blood from patients with sepsis, we identified 2 new families of potent molecules. Characterization of their physical properties and isotope tracking demonstrated that the bioactive structures contained a docosahexaenoate backbone and sulfido-conjugated triene or tetraene double-bond systems. Activated human phagocytes converted 17-hydro(peroxy)-4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid to these bioactive molecules. Regeneration of injured planaria was accelerated with nanomolar amounts of 16-glutathionyl, 17-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,10,12,14,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid and 16-cysteinylglycinyl, 17-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,10,12,14,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid (Protectin sulfido-conjugates) or 8-glutathionyl, 7,17-dihydroxy-4Z,9,11,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid and 8-cysteinylglycinyl, 7,17-dihydroxy-4Z,9,11,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acid (Resolvin sulfido-conjugates). Each protectin and resolvin sulfido-conjugate dose dependently (0.1-10 nM) stimulated human macrophage bacterial phagocytosis, phagolysosomal acidification, and efferocytosis. Together, these results identify 2 novel pathways and provide evidence for structural elucidation of new resolution moduli. These resolvin and protectin conjugates identified in mice and human infected tissues control host responses promoting catabasis. © FASEB.


    Jesmond Dalli, Sesquile Ramon, Paul C Norris, Romain A Colas, Charles N Serhan. Novel proresolving and tissue-regenerative resolvin and protectin sulfido-conjugated pathways. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2015 May;29(5):2120-36

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    PMID: 25713027

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