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    The glomerular visceral epithelial cell (podocyte) is characterized as a specialized structure of the interdigitating foot processes, covering the outer side of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The neighboring foot processes are connected by a slit diaphragm, which is a key structure regulating the barrier function of the glomerular capillary wall to prevent proteinuria. We have previously reported that synaptic vesicle protein 2 B (SV2B) is expressed in the podocyte and that the expression is clearly decreased in nephrotic models. However, the precise function of SV2B in the podocyte is unclear. To investigate the role of SV2B in maintaining the podocyte function and to better understand the function of the neuron-like vesicle expressing SV2B in the podocyte, we analyzed them with SV2B knockout (KO) mice. An increase in the amount of proteinuria, effacement of the foot process of the podocyte, and alterations of the GBM were detected in SV2B KO mice. It was also found that the expression of CD2AP, nephrin, and NEPH1, the functional molecules of the slit diaphragm, and laminin, a critical component of the GBM, is clearly altered in SV2B KO mice. Synaptotagmin and neurexin, which have a role in the synaptic vesicle docking in neurons, are downregulated in the kidney cortex of SV2B KO mice. We have previously reported that neurexin interacts with CD2AP, and the present study shows that SV2B interacts with CD2AP. These findings suggest that the SV2B-neurexin complex is involved in the formation and maintenance of the slit diaphragm. In addition, SV2B is densely expressed close to the cell surface in the presumptive podocyte in the early stage of glomerulogenesis. These results suggest that SV2B has an essential role in the formation and maintenance of the glomerular capillary wall.

    Citation

    Yoshiyasu Fukusumi, Ayako Wakamatsu, Natsumi Takashima, Eriko Hasegawa, Naoko Miyauchi, Masayuki Tomita, Hiroshi Kawachi. SV2B is essential for the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier. Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology. 2015 May;95(5):534-45

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    PMID: 25730372

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