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Expression of the G protein subunit Goα has been shown to be prominent in the atria of the rat heart and to be significantly associated with atrial natriuretic factor (ANF)-containing atrial-specific secretory granules by immunocytochemistry. In addition, differential expression profile analysis using oligonucleotide arrays has shown that the Goα isoform 1 (Goα1) is 2.3-fold more abundant in the atria than it is in the ventricles. In the present report, we show protein-protein interaction between Goα and ANF by yeast two-hybrid and by immunoprecipitation. A cardiac conditional Goα knockout model developed for the present study showed a 90% decrease in Goα expression and decreased atrial expression and ANF and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP) content. Expression of chromogranin A, a specific atrial granule core constituent, was not affected. Morphometric assessment of atrial tissue showed a very significant decrease in atrial-specific granule density as well as granule core electron density. Atrial electrical activity was not affected. The results obtained are compatible with the suggestion that Goα plays a role in ANF sorting during intracellular vectorial transport and with the presence of a mechanism that preserves the molar relationship between cellular ANF and BNP stores in the face of the decreased production of these hormones. © 2015 Society for Endocrinology.


Cassandra Roeske, Amy Martinuk, Asna Choudhry, Geoffrey N Hendy, Michael Gollob, Qiuji Li, Tina Georgalis, Adolfo J de Bold. Go protein subunit Goα and the secretory process of the natriuretic peptide hormones ANF and BNP. Journal of molecular endocrinology. 2015 Jun;54(3):277-88

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PMID: 25917834

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