Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Meprins are oligomeric metalloproteinases that are abundantly expressed in the brush-border membranes of renal proximal tubules. During acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by cisplatin or ischemia-reperfusion, membrane-bound meprins are shed and their localization is altered from the apical membranes toward the basolateral surface of the proximal tubules. Meprins are capable of cleaving basement membrane proteins in vitro, however, it is not known whether meprins are able to degrade extracellular matrix proteins under pathophysiological conditions in vivo. The present study demonstrates that a basement membrane protein, nidogen-1, is cleaved and excreted in the urine of mice subjected to cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, a model of AKI. Cleaved nidogen-1 was not detected in the urine of untreated mice, but during the progression of cisplatin nephrotoxicity, the excretion of cleaved nidogen-1 increased in a time-dependent manner. The meprin inhibitor actinonin markedly prevented urinary excretion of the cleaved nidogen-1. In addition, meprin β-deficient mice, but not meprin α-deficient mice, subjected to cisplatin nephrotoxicity significantly suppressed excretion of cleaved nidogen-1, further suggesting that meprin β is involved in the cleavage of nidogen-1. These studies provide strong evidence for a pathophysiological link between meprin β and urinary excretion of cleaved nidogen-1 during cisplatin-induced AKI. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.


Christian Herzog, Raju Marisiddaiah, Randy S Haun, Gur P Kaushal. Basement membrane protein nidogen-1 is a target of meprin β in cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Toxicology letters. 2015 Jul 16;236(2):110-6

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 25957482

View Full Text