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Type I restriction-modification enzymes are multifunctional heteromeric complexes with DNA cleavage and ATP-dependent DNA translocation activities located on motor subunit HsdR. Functional coupling of DNA cleavage and translocation is a hallmark of the Type I restriction systems that is consistent with their proposed role in horizontal gene transfer. DNA cleavage occurs at nonspecific sites distant from the cognate recognition sequence, apparently triggered by stalled translocation. The X-ray crystal structure of the complete HsdR subunit from E. coli plasmid R124 suggested that the triggering mechanism involves interdomain contacts mediated by ATP. In the present work, in vivo and in vitro activity assays and crystal structures of three mutants of EcoR124I HsdR designed to probe this mechanism are reported. The results indicate that interdomain engagement via ATP is indeed responsible for signal transmission between the endonuclease and helicase domains of the motor subunit. A previously identified sequence motif that is shared by the RecB nucleases and some Type I endonucleases is implicated in signaling.

Citation

Eva Csefalvay, Mikalai Lapkouski, Alena Guzanova, Ladislav Csefalvay, Tatsiana Baikova, Igor Shevelev, Vitali Bialevich, Katsiaryna Shamayeva, Pavel Janscak, Ivana Kuta Smatanova, Santosh Panjikar, Jannette Carey, Marie Weiserova, Rüdiger Ettrich. Functional coupling of duplex translocation to DNA cleavage in a type I restriction enzyme. PloS one. 2015;10(6):e0128700

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PMID: 26039067

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