Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Levobupivacaine is one of the major clinical local anesthetics, but it can cause neuron toxic damage. Hyperglycemia can cause neuronal DNA oxidative damage and inhibit expression of the DNA repair gene Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD). This study was designed to determine whether high glucose levels inhibit XPD expression and enhance levobupivacaine-induced DNA damage. We evaluated XPD mRNA and protein expression in SH-SY5Y cells after glucose and levobupivacaine exposure. We next investigated cells reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, DNA damage and apoptosis with redox-sensitive fluorescent dye DCFH-DA (2',7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate), comet assays, flow cytometry, and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferased UTP nick end labeling) assays. XPD expression was inhibited in cells exposed to prolonged high glucose with a concomitant increase in ROS production and more severe DNA damage compared to control culture conditions, and these changes were further exacerbated by levobupivacaine. Our findings indicate that subjects with diabetes may experience more detrimental effects following local anesthetic use.


ZhongJie Liu, Wei Zhao, QingGuo Zhang, LuYing Lai, Shan Jiang, Jing Zhang, ShiYuan Xu. Increased Oxidative Damage and Reduced DNA Repair Enzyme XPD Involvement in High Glucose-Mediated Enhancement of Levobupivacaine-Induced Neurotoxicity. Neurochemical research. 2015 Sep;40(9):1919-28

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 26264262

View Full Text