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    Lack of effective treatment results in the low survival for patients with pancreatic cancer, and photodynamic therapy (PDT) with photosensitizers has emerged as an effective therapeutic option for treatment of various tumors by light-generated cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) to induce cell apoptosis or necrosis. However, the poor solubility, rapid blood clearance, and weak internalization of the photosensitizer seriously inhibit its anticancer efficacy. To overcome these obstacles, a polyphosphoester-based nanocarrier (NP-PPE) is employed as the carrier of the hydrophobic photosensitizer, chlorin e6 (Ce6), for photodynamic therapy. The Ce6-encapsulated nanocarrier (NP-PPE/Ce6) significantly promoted the cellular internalization of Ce6, enhanced the generation of ROS in the tumor cells after irradiation. Therefore, the cellular phototoxicity of NP-PPE/Ce6 against BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells was markedly enhanced than that of free Ce6 in vitro. Furthermore, NP-PPE/Ce6 improved accumulation of Ce6 in tumor tissue and treatment with NP-PPE/Ce6 significantly enhanced antitumor efficacy in human BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer xenografts. These results suggest that using a polyphosphoester-based nanocarrier as the delivery system for a photosensitizer has great potential for PDT of pancreatic cancer.


    Fei Ding, Hong-Jun Li, Jun-Xia Wang, Wei Tao, Yan-Hua Zhu, Yue Yu, Xian-Zhu Yang. Chlorin e6-Encapsulated Polyphosphoester Based Nanocarriers with Viscous Flow Core for Effective Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer. ACS applied materials & interfaces. 2015 Aug 26;7(33):18856-65

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    PMID: 26267601

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