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Traumatic degloving injuries of the lower extremity are commonly diagnosed by soft tissue deficits and separation of soft tissue planes. The management of open degloving injuries is well documented with established treatment protocols. Because closed degloving injuries of the lower extremity are so rare, the protocol management is not well established. Unlike open degloving injuries, evidence of soft tissue injury and detachment of the tissue planes can be subtle. Owing to the rarity of these injuries, little has been described regarding the long-term outcomes. In the present report, 2 closed degloving cases are presented. The first case presented is of a 27-year-old railroad worker who sustained a severe closed degloving injury of his foot with digital soft tissue envelope transposition. The second case involved a 60-year-old automobile manufacturer, whose foot was crushed by a hydraulic fork lift, creating a degloving injury of the third, fourth, and fifth toes. The follow-up duration from the date of injury for patient 1 was 26 months and for patients 2 was 16 months. The purpose of presenting these cases is to report these rare injuries with the treatment, complications, and outcomes. Copyright © 2016 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Adam L Bingham, Lawrence M Fallat. Empty Toe Phenomenon: A Rare Presentation of Closed Degloving Injury of the Foot. The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. 2016 Jul-Aug;55(4):842-9

PMID: 26277242

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