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On the basis of analysis of 372 medical histories and total amount of victims (2691 people) of marine accidents it was revealed that 303 (83.1%) survivors suffered from combined mechanical-cold injuries, combined two-factor mechanical-burn injuries were diagnosed in 115 of wounded (15.7%), combined three-factor mechanical-cold-burn injuries were diagnosed in 162 of wounded (22.5%). It was established that in case of capsizing and shipwrecking chest and abdomen injuries prevail in wounded (22.4%). Pelvic fractures, injuries of the lower extremities and spine traumas prevail in wounded evacuated from the crash area after explosion and fire on the ships (43.3%). The above-mentioned injuries prevail due to mine-blast nature of injuries. Typical injuries in wounded survived in maritime disasters are in non-severe combined mechanical-cold, mechanical-burn, and mechanical-cold-burn injuries, minor and moderate hypothermia, mild burn injuries and mild carbon monoxide poisoning.


Yu N Zakrevskii, A G Shevchenko, A V Peretechikov, V I Serdyuk, D A Arkhangelskii. Combined mechanical-cold and mechanical-burn injuries in patients injured in maritime disasters]. Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ zhurnal. 2015 Jun;336(6):34-40

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PMID: 26442314

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