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The highly conserved COP9 signalosome (CSN) complex is a key regulator of all cullin-RING-ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), the largest family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Until now, it was accepted that the CSN is composed of eight canonical components. Here, we report the discovery of an additional integral and stoichiometric subunit that had thus far evaded detection, and we named it CSNAP (CSN acidic protein). We show that CSNAP binds CSN3, CSN5, and CSN6, and its incorporation into the CSN complex is mediated through the C-terminal region involving conserved aromatic residues. Moreover, depletion of this small protein leads to reduced proliferation and a flattened and enlarged morphology. Finally, on the basis of sequence and structural properties shared by both CSNAP and DSS1, a component of the related 19S lid proteasome complex, we propose that CSNAP, the ninth CSN subunit, is the missing paralogous subunit of DSS1. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Shelly Rozen, Maria G Füzesi-Levi, Gili Ben-Nissan, Limor Mizrachi, Alexandra Gabashvili, Yishai Levin, Shifra Ben-Dor, Miriam Eisenstein, Michal Sharon. CSNAP Is a Stoichiometric Subunit of the COP9 Signalosome. Cell reports. 2015 Oct 20;13(3):585-98

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PMID: 26456823

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