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    The COP9/signalosome (CSN) multi-protein complex regulates the activity of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), including the DDB2 and CSA CRL4 ligases (CRL4DDB2 and CRL4CSA), which are involved in the repair of UV-induced DNA damages. In the present study, we demonstrated that the protein kinase ATM, a key component of the DNA damage response (DDR), phosphorylates CSN1 and CSN7a, two subunits of the CSN complex, in a UV-dependent manner. The phosphorylation of CSN1 on serine 474 was detected as early as 3 h after UV-exposure, peaked at 8 h and persisted until 48 h post-UV irradiation. Such a time course suggests a role in late DDR rather than in DNA repair. Consistently, overexpression of a phosphorylation-resistant S474A CSN1 mutant reduced UV-induced apoptosis. Thus, CSN1 appears to play a role not only in DNA repair but also in UV-induced apoptosis.


    Emilie Laure Dubois, Scott Gerber, Alexei Kisselev, Annick Harel-Bellan, Regina Groisman. UV-dependent phosphorylation of COP9/signalosome in UV-induced apoptosis. Oncology reports. 2016 May;35(5):3101-5

    PMID: 26986008

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