Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • asbestos (1)
  • carcinogen (2)
  • dhpn (2)
  • f344 rats (2)
  • female (1)
  • fibers (8)
  • liver (2)
  • lung (2)
  • mesothelium (2)
  • mice (6)
  • nitrosamines (2)
  • organ size (1)
  • pleura (1)
  • pleural cavity (4)
  • potassium (3)
  • rats (5)
  • rodents (1)
  • species specificity (1)
  • strains (2)
  • titanium (2)
  • weight (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Fiber-shaped particles of potassium octatitanate (tradename TISMO; chemical formula K2 O·6TiO2 ), which are morphologically similar to asbestos particles, were shown to induce severe proliferative reactions in the pleural mesothelium in a previous experiment carried out over 21 weeks. The present study aims to determine whether these fibers induce malignant mesotheliomas in rodents, and to examine chronic toxicity induced. Additionally, we investigated the specific differences observable between the biological responses to the direct infusion of the fibers alone into the pleural cavity and those induced by the co-administration of the fibers with a known carcinogen. To detect the induction of malignant pleural mesotheliomas, two experiments were undertaken. In Experiment 1, four strains of mice, A/J, C3H, ICR, and C57BL, were examined for 52 weeks after experimental treatment with TISMO. In Experiment 2, the F344 rats were treated with TISMO alone, the lung carcinogen N-bis (2-hydroxypropyl) nitrosamine (DHPN) alone, both TISMO and DHPN, or left untreated and were then examined for 52 weeks. In this experiment, malignant lesion induction was expected in the co-administration group. TISMO fibers were observed in the alveoli, indicating penetration through the visceral pleura in mice and rats. The histopathological detection of TISMO fibers in the liver and kidneys of mice and rats indicated migration of the fibers out of the pleural cavity. Atypical mesothelial cells with severe pleural proliferation were observed, but malignant mesotheliomas were not detected. Among the rats, there were no observed malignant alterations in the mesothelium induced by DHPN-TISMO co-administration. © 2016 The Authors. Cancer Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.


    Masanao Yokohira, Yuko Nakano-Narusawa, Keiko Yamakawa, Nozomi Hashimoto, Shota Yoshida, Shohei Kanie, Katsumi Imaida. Chronic mesothelial reaction and toxicity of potassium octatitanate fibers in the pleural cavity in mice and F344 rats. Cancer science. 2016 Jul;107(7):1047-54

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 27088262

    View Full Text