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The compound 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-153) is an intermediate photolytic product in the degradation of highly brominated diphenyl ethers to lower brominated forms. Herein, we report the effects of two natural organic matter (NOM) sources, Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) and Pony Lake fulvic acid (PLFA), on BDE-153 photolysis in water. The rate constant (k) and half-life of BDE-153 was 2.26 × 10(-2) min(-1) and 30.72 min under UV-Vis irradiation (direct photolysis at λ > 290 nm). The k value for BDE-153 decreased markedly in the presence of NOM with a larger decrease in the presence of PLFA than SRFA. Electron spin resonance (ESR) demonstrated generation of free radicals in the photolytic process that mainly involved (1)O2 and OH. The biomolecular k values for reaction of (1)O2 and OH with BDE-153 were 3.65 × 10(6) and 7.70 × 10(8) M(-1) s(-1), respectively. The contribution of OH (28.7-31.0%) to the indirect photolysis of BDE-153 was higher than for (1)O2 (12.9-14.9%). The photolytic rate of BDE-153 in oxygen-rich (aerated) solution was much slower than in oxygen-poor (nitrogen-sparged) conditions, demonstrating that (3)NOM* is a more effective reagent for degradation of BDE-153 than (1)O2. Addition of sorbic acid (a (3)NOM* quencher) significantly reduced the photolytic rate of BDE-153 confirming the important role of (3)NOM* in indirect photolysis. In the presence of NOM, BDE-153 indirect photolysis was facilitated mainly by reaction with (3)NOM* and OH. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive investigation of indirect photolysis of BDE-153 in water containing NOM. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Huili Wang, Mei Wang, Hui Wang, Jiajia Gao, Randy A Dahlgren, Qing Yu, Xuedong Wang. Aqueous photochemical degradation of BDE-153 in solutions with natural dissolved organic matter. Chemosphere. 2016 Jul;155:367-74

PMID: 27135698

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