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Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) persevere in the human stomach, an environment in which they encounter many DNA-damaging conditions, including gastric acidity. The pathogenicity of H. pylori is enhanced by its well-developed DNA repair mechanism, thought of as 'machinery,' such as nucleotide excision repair (NER). NER involves multi-enzymatic excinuclease proteins (UvrABC endonuclease), which repair damaged DNA in a sequential manner. UvrB is the central component in prokaryotic NER, essential for damage recognition. Therefore, molecular modeling studies of UvrB protein from H. pylori are carried out with homology modeling and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The results reveal that the predicted structure is bound to a DNA hairpin with 3-bp stem, an 11-nucleotide loop, and 3-nt 3' overhang. In addition, a mutation of the Y96A variant indicates reduction in the binding affinity for DNA. Free-energy calculations demonstrate the stability of the complex and help identify key residues in various interactions based on residue decomposition analysis. Stability comparative studies between wild type and mutant protein-DNA complexes indicate that the former is relatively more stable than the mutant form. This predicted model could also be useful in designing new inhibitors for UvrB protein, as well as preventing the pathogenesis of H. pylori. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Citation

Rohit Bavi, Raj Kumar, Shailima Rampogu, Minky Son, Chanin Park, Ayoung Baek, Hyong-Ha Kim, Jung-Keun Suh, Seok Ju Park, Keun Woo Lee. Molecular interactions of UvrB protein and DNA from Helicobacter pylori: Insight into a molecular modeling approach. Computers in biology and medicine. 2016 Aug 01;75:181-9

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PMID: 27315565

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