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Determining sentinel lymph node (SLN) status is critical to cancer staging and treatment decisions. Currently, in clinical practice, 99m Tc-radiocolloid-mediated planar scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) are used to guide the biopsy and resection of SLNs. Recently, an emerging technique that combines positron emission tomography (PET) and photoacoustic tomography (PAT; PET-PAT) may offer accurate information in detecting SLNs. Herein, we report a kind of 64 CuS-labeled nanoparticle (64 CuS-NP) for the detection of SLNs with PET-PAT. We subcutaneously injected 64 CuS-NPs into the rats' forepaw pads. After 24 h, the rats' first draining axillary lymph nodes (i.e. the SLNs) could be clearly visualized with micro-PET (μPET)-CT. Rats were sacrificed after μPET-CT imaging, their axillary lymph nodes were surgically identified, and then PAT was employed to discover 64 CuS-NP-avid SLNs, which were embedded inside tissues. Biodistribution, autoradiography, and copper staining analyses confirmed the SLNs' high uptake of 64 CuS-NPs. Our study indicates that 64 CuS-NPs are a promising dual-function agent for both PET-CT and PAT and could be used with multi-modal imaging strategies such as PET-PAT to identify SLNs in a clinical setting. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Qiufang Liu, Min Zhou, Panli Li, Geng Ku, Gang Huang, Chun Li, Shaoli Song. 64 CuS-labeled nanoparticles: a new sentinel-lymph-node-mapping agent for PET-CT and photoacoustic tomography. Contrast media & molecular imaging. 2016 Nov;11(6):475-481

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PMID: 27523742

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