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Folate content was estimated in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) accessions using microbiological assay (MA) and by LC-MS. The MA revealed that in red-ripe fruits folate levels ranged from 4 to 60μg/100g fresh weight. The LC-MS estimation of red-ripe fruits detected three folate forms, 5-CH3-THF, 5-CHO-THF, 5,10-CH(+)THF and folate levels ranged from 14 to 46μg/100g fresh weight. In mature green and red ripe fruit, 5-CH3-THF was the most abundant folate form. Comparison of LC-MS with MA revealed that MA inaccurately estimates folate levels. The accumulation of folate forms and their distribution varied among accessions. The single nucleotide polymorphism was examined in the key genes of the folate pathway to understand its linkage with folate levels. Despite the significant variation in folate levels among tomato accessions, little polymorphism was found in folate biosynthesis genes. Our results indicate that variation in folate level is governed by a more complex regulation at cellular homeostasis level. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Pallawi Upadhyaya, Kamal Tyagi, Supriya Sarma, Vajir Tamboli, Yellamaraju Sreelakshmi, Rameshwar Sharma. Natural variation in folate levels among tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) accessions. Food chemistry. 2017 Feb 15;217:610-619

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PMID: 27664678

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