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PCNA plays critical roles in DNA replication and various DNA repair pathways including DNA damage tolerance (DDT). In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DDT (aka DNA postreplication repair, PRR) is achieved by sequential ubiquitination of PCNA encoded by POL30. Our previous studies revealed that two Arabidopsis PCNA genes were able to complement the essential function of POL30 in budding yeast, but failed to rescue the PRR activity. Here we hypothesize that a certain amino acid variation(s) is responsible for the difference, and identified K196 as a critical residue for the PRR activity. It was found that the pol30-K196V mutation abolishes Rad18 interaction and PRR activity, whereas nearby amino acid substitutions can partially restore Rad18 interaction and PRR activity. Together with the Pol30-Ub fusion data, we believe that we have identified a putative Rad18-binding pocket in Pol30 that is required for PCNA monoubiquitination and PRR. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Li Fan, Wei Xiao. The Pol30-K196 residue plays a critical role in budding yeast DNA postreplication repair through interaction with Rad18. DNA repair. 2016 Nov;47:42-48

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PMID: 27707542

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