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    Chronic ethanol intake impairs liver regeneration through a system-wide alteration in the regulatory networks driving the response to injury. Our study focused on the initial phase of response to 2/3rd partial hepatectomy (PHx) to investigate how adaptation to chronic ethanol intake affects the genome-wide binding profiles of the transcription factors C/EBP-β and C/EBP-α. These factors participate in complementary and often opposing functions for maintaining cellular differentiation, regulating metabolism, and governing cell growth during liver regeneration. We analyzed ChIP-seq data with a comparative pattern count (COMPACT) analysis, which exhaustively enumerates temporal patterns of discretized binding profiles to identify dominant as well as subtle patterns that may not be apparent from conventional clustering analyses. We found that adaptation to chronic ethanol intake significantly alters the genome-wide binding profile of C/EBP-β and C/EBP-α before and following PHx. A subset of these ethanol-induced changes include C/EBP-β binding to promoters of genes involved in the profibrogenic transforming growth factor-β pathway, and both C/EBP-β and C/EBP-α binding to promoters of genes involved in the cell cycle, apoptosis, homeostasis, and metabolic processes. The shift in C/EBP binding loci, coupled with an ethanol-induced increase in C/EBP-β binding at 6 h post-resection, indicates that ethanol adaptation may change both the amount and nature of C/EBP binding postresection. Taken together, our results suggest that chronic ethanol consumption leads to a spatially and temporally reorganized activity at many genomic loci, resulting in a shift in the dynamic balance and coordination of cellular processes underlying regenerative response. Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.


    Lakshmi Kuttippurathu, Biswanath Patra, Daniel Cook, Jan B Hoek, Rajanikanth Vadigepalli. Pattern analysis uncovers a chronic ethanol-induced disruption of the switch-like dynamics of C/EBP-β and C/EBP-α genome-wide binding during liver regeneration. Physiological genomics. 2017 Jan 01;49(1):11-26

    PMID: 27815535

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