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    We evaluated the efficacy of the growth regulator triflumuron (TFM) in inducing mortality and disrupting both oviposition and egg hatching in Rhodnius prolixus adult females. TFM was administered via feeding, topically or by continuous contact with impregnated surfaces. Feeding resulted in mild biological effects compared with topical and impregnated surfaces. One day after treatment, the highest mortality levels were observed with topical surface and 30 days later both topical and impregnated surfaces induced higher mortalities than feeding. Oral treatment inhibited oviposition even at lower doses, and hatching of eggs deposited by treated females was similarly affected by the three delivery modes. Topical treatment of eggs deposited by nontreated females significantly reduced hatching. However, treatment per contact of eggs oviposited by untreated females did not disrupt eclosion. Additionally, oral treatment increased the number of immature oocytes per female, and topical treatment reduced the mean size of oocytes. TFM also affected carcass chitin content, diuresis, and innate immunity of treated insects. These results suggest that TFM acts as a potent growth inhibitor of R. prolixus adult females and has the potential to be used in integrated vector control programs against hematophagous triatomine species.

    Citation

    Bianca Santos Henriques, Fernando Ariel Genta, Cícero Brasileiro Mello, Lucas Rangel Silva, Thaís Franco Codogno, Alyne F R Oliveira, Lourena Pinheiro Marinho, Denise Valle, José Bento Pereira Lima, Denise Feder, Marcelo Salabert Gonzalez, Patricia Azambuja. Triflumuron Effects on the Physiology and Reproduction of Rhodnius prolixus Adult Females. BioMed research international. 2016;2016:8603140

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    PMID: 27822479

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