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    This work studied the effect of biogenic manganese oxides (Bio-MnOx) on carbofuran degradation.The results showed that 21.05 % and 90.63 % carbofuran, respectively, were degraded in 4 days by Bio-MnOx with and without NaN3 at initial pH 4.80, whereas carbofuran was hardly degraded by chemical manganese oxides in the same condition. Bio-MnOx promoted carbofuran hydrolysis by changing the pH of the environment and encouraged carbofuran phenol cleavage by its oxidization. Both the oxidation of carbofuran phenol by Bio-MnOx and the reoxidation of the released Mn(II) by Mn(II)-oxidizing microorganisms ensured the continuous reactivity of Bio-MnOx and prevented the secondary pollution of Mn(II). Carbofuran phenol was the major transformation product in the degradation and was further oxidized into small organic molecules as monitored by a GC/MS analyzer. This report offers an efficient, feasible, and no-secondary-pollution approach to controlling carbofuran pollution.


    Zhiqiang Liu, Jia Wang, Shuai Qian, Gejiao Wang, Jinling Wang, Shuijiao Liao. Carbofuran Degradation by Biogenic Manganese Oxides. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. 2017 Mar;98(3):420-425

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    PMID: 27837203

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