Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • abdomen (2)
  • blunt trauma (2)
  • child (1)
  • child preschool (1)
  • children (1)
  • female (1)
  • guidelines (3)
  • humans (1)
  • infant (1)
  • injuries (7)
  • liver (4)
  • liver injuries (2)
  • low (4)
  • male (1)
  • patients (4)
  • spleen (1)
  • spleen injuries (1)
  • trauma (3)
  • trauma center (1)
  • wounds (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Current guidelines for computed tomography (CT) after blunt trauma were developed to capture all intra-abdominal injuries (IAI). We hypothesize that current AST/ALT guidelines are too low leading to unnecessary CT scans for children after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Patients who received CT of the abdomen after blunt trauma at our Level I Pediatric Trauma Center were stratified into a high risk (HR) (liver/spleen/kidney grade ≥III, hollow viscous, or pancreatic injuries) and low risk (LR) (liver/kidney/spleen injuries grade ≤II, or no IAI) groups. 247 patients were included. Of the 18 patients in the HR group, two required surgery (splenectomy and sigmoidectomy). Transfusion was required in 30% of grade III and 50% of grade IV injuries. Eleven (5%) patients in LR group were transfused for indications other than IAI, and none were explored surgically. Both AST (r = 0.44, p < 0.001) and ALT (r = 0.43, p < 0.001) correlated with grade of liver injury. Using an increased threshold of AST/ALT, 400/200 had a negative predictive value of 96% in predicting the presence of HR liver injuries. The current cutoff of liver enzymes leads to over-identification of LR injuries. Consideration should be given to an approach that aims to utilize CT in pediatric BAT that identifies clinically HR injury.


    Jessica A Zagory, Avafia Dossa, Jamie Golden, Aaron R Jensen, Catherine J Goodhue, Jeffrey S Upperman, Christopher P Gayer. Re-evaluation of liver transaminase cutoff for CT after pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Pediatric surgery international. 2017 Mar;33(3):311-316

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 27878593

    View Full Text