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    To examine the maturational competence, embryo development and expression of genes involved in oocyte maturation and cumulus expansion (GDF9, BMP15, HAS2, TNFAIP6, FGF17 and FSHr) following two standard methods of bovine COCs vitrification. Bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were aspirated from slaughtered ovaries and then distributed into three groups: non-vitrified COCs (control), vitrification 1 group (V1); vitrification was performed by 15% ethylene glycol (EG) and 15% DMSO in holding media (TCM-199 with 20% FCS); and vitrification 2 group (V2); vitrification was performed by 40% EG in holding media. After vitrification, COCs were warmed in two steps and cultured and then evaluated for nuclear maturation, embryo development and gene expressions. The mean (±SD) percentages of nuclear maturation and blastocyst/cleaved were higher in control group (79.5 ± 8.0 and 31.0 ± 5.1%) than the V1 (34.8 ± 9.1 and 4.4 ± 5.1%) and V2 (47.8 ± 11.7 and 7.1 ± 5.8%) groups (P < 0.05), respectively. Further, COCs in V2 group showed higher mean (±SD) percentages of cleavage compared to V1 group (31.8 ± 1.0 vs 21.7 ± 2.8%; P < 0.05). GDF9 and BMP15 expression levels were higher in COCs in the control than of the vitrification groups (P < 0.05). In addition, expression level of GDF9 and BMP15 was higher in V2 group than in V1group (P < 0.05). The expression of HAS2 and FGF17 in V1 group was lower (P < 0.05) than that of the V2 groups. Expression of oocyte maturation genes was affected by vitrification procedure and conditions. Using EG alone for vitrification of bovine immature COCs, resulted in higher expression of GDF9, BMP15 and production of more in vitro matured and cleaved oocytes.

    Citation

    Mehdi Azari, Mojtaba Kafi, Bita Ebrahimi, Roya Fatehi, Mahboobeh Jamalzadeh. Oocyte maturation, embryo development and gene expression following two different methods of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes vitrification. Veterinary research communications. 2017 Mar;41(1):49-56

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    PMID: 27943152

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