Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • female (1)
  • gentamicin (7)
  • humans (2)
  • Lysin (4)
  • mice (1)
  • mucosa (2)
  • nasal mucosa (1)
  • penicillin (3)
  • phage (1)
  • phage streptococcus (2)
  • pigs (2)
  • streptococcus (1)
  • streptococcus suis (3)
  • suis (10)
  • sus scrofa (1)
  • swine (2)
  • vitro (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Streptococcus suis infects pigs worldwide and may be zoonotically transmitted to humans with a mortality rate of up to 20%. S. suis has been shown to develop in vitro resistance to the two leading drugs of choice, penicillin and gentamicin. Because of this, we have pursued an alternative therapy to treat these pathogens using bacteriophage lysins. The bacteriophage lysin PlySs2 is derived from an S. suis phage and displays potent lytic activity against most strains of that species including serotypes 2 and 9. At 64 μg/ml, PlySs2 reduced multiple serotypes of S. suis by 5 to 6-logs within 1 hour in vitro and exhibited a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 32 μg/ml for a S. suis serotype 2 strain and 64 μg/ml for a serotype 9 strain. Using a single 0.1-mg dose, the colonizing S. suis serotype 9 strain was reduced from the murine intranasal mucosa by >4 logs; a 0.1-mg dose of gentamicin reduced S. suis by <3-logs. A combination of 0.05 mg PlySs2 + 0.05 mg gentamicin reduced S. suis by >5-logs. While resistance to gentamicin was induced after systematically increasing levels of gentamicin in an S. suis culture, the same protocol resulted in no observable resistance to PlySs2. Thus, PlySs2 has both broad and high killing activity against multiple serotypes and strains of S. suis, making it a possible tool in the control and prevention of S. suis infections in pigs and humans.


    Daniel B Gilmer, Jonathan E Schmitz, Mya Thandar, Chad W Euler, Vincent A Fischetti. The Phage Lysin PlySs2 Decolonizes Streptococcus suis from Murine Intranasal Mucosa. PloS one. 2017;12(1):e0169180

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 28046082

    View Full Text