Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • after treatment (1)
  • bee (4)
  • cardiac function (1)
  • heart (3)
  • heart rate (2)
  • insect (2)
  • learn (1)
  • period (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The European honey bee, Apis mellifera L., is a valuable agricultural and commercial resource noted for producing honey and providing crop pollination services, as well as an important model social insect used to study memory and learning, aging, and more. Here we describe a detailed protocol for the dissection of the dorsal abdominal wall of a bee in order to visualize its dorsal vessel, which serves the role of the heart in the insect. A successful dissection will expose a functional heart that, under the proper conditions, can maintain a steady heartbeat for an extended period of time. This allows the investigator to manipulate heart rate through the application of cardiomodulatory compounds to the dorsal vessel. By using either a digital microscope or a microscope equipped with a digital camera, the investigator can make video recordings of the dorsal vessel before and after treatment with test compounds. The videos can then be scored at a time convenient to the user in order to determine changes in heart rate, as well as changes in the pattern of heartbeats, following treatment. The advantages of this protocol are that it is relatively inexpensive to set up, easy to learn, requires little space or equipment, and takes very little time to conduct.


    Scott T O'Neal, Troy D Anderson. Dissection and Observation of Honey Bee Dorsal Vessel for Studies of Cardiac Function. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. 2016 Dec 12(118)

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    PMID: 28060305

    View Full Text