Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Objective: To investigate the effect of berberine on glycemia regulation in rats with diabetes and the related mechanisms. Methods: Diabetic-like rat model was successfully induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in 50 out of 60 male SD rats, which were then randomly divided into 5 groups with 10 rats in each:control group (received vehicle only), positive drug control group (sitagliptin 10 mg·kg-1·d-1), low-dose berberine group (30 mg·kg-1·d-1), moderate-dose berberine group (60 mg·kg-1·d-1), and high-dose berberine group (120 mg·kg-1·d-1). All animals were fed for 3 d, and fasting blood sampling was performed on day 3 of administration. Rats were given glucose (2 g/kg) by gavage 30 min after the last dose. Blood and intestinal samples were obtained 2 h after glucose loading. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 2-h postprandial plasma glucose (2h-PPG) were detected by using biochemical analyzer, and insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and dipeptidyl peptidase-Ⅳ(DPP-Ⅳ) were measured by using ELISA kit. Results: No significant difference in FBG and serum DPP-Ⅳ level were found between berberine groups and control group (all P>0.05). Compared with control group, serum levels of GLP-1 and insulin were increased in high-and moderate-dose berberine groups, while 2h-PPG was decreased (all P<0.05); GLP-1 levels in the intestinal samples were increased, while DPP-Ⅳ levels were decreased in all berberine groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Short-term berberine administration can decrease 2h-PPG level in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model through local inhibition of intestinal DPP-Ⅳ. The efficacy of DPP-Ⅳ inhibitor may be associated with its intestinal pharmacokinetics.


Jiesheng Wang, Guanhai Dai, Weijia Li. Berberine regulates glycemia via local inhibition of intestinal dipeptidyl peptidase-Ⅳ]. Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences. 2016 May 25;45(5):486-492

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 28087908

View Full Text