Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • 2A (5)
  • amino acid sequence (1)
  • Cdc55 (5)
  • cell cycle (3)
  • ENSA (8)
  • Igo (8)
  • Igo1 (1)
  • Igo2 (3)
  • mitosis (2)
  • models molecular (1)
  • mutagenesis (1)
  • Pkc1 (9)
  • PP2ACdc55 (5)
  • protein c (2)
  • protein controls (1)
  • signals (1)
  • subunit (2)
  • vertebrates (1)
  • yeast (3)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) plays important roles in controlling mitosis in all eukaryotic cells. The form of PP2A that controls mitosis is associated with a conserved regulatory subunit that is called B55 in vertebrates and Cdc55 in budding yeast. The activity of this form of PP2A can be inhibited by binding of conserved Igo/ENSA proteins. Although the mechanisms that activate Igo/ENSA to bind and inhibit PP2A are well understood, little is known about how Igo/Ensa are inactivated. Here, we have analyzed regulation of Igo/ENSA in the context of a checkpoint pathway that links mitotic entry to membrane growth in budding yeast. Protein kinase C (Pkc1) relays signals in the pathway by activating PP2ACdc55 We discovered that constitutively active Pkc1 can drive cells through a mitotic checkpoint arrest, which suggests that Pkc1-dependent activation of PP2ACdc55 plays a critical role in checkpoint signaling. We therefore used mass spectrometry to determine how Pkc1 modifies the PP2ACdc55 complex. This revealed that Pkc1 induces changes in the phosphorylation of multiple subunits of the complex, as well as dissociation of Igo/ENSA. Pkc1 directly phosphorylates Cdc55 and Igo/ENSA, and phosphorylation site mapping and mutagenesis indicate that phosphorylation of Cdc55 contributes to Igo/ENSA dissociation. Association of Igo2 with PP2ACdc55 is regulated during the cell cycle, yet mutation of Pkc1-dependent phosphorylation sites on Cdc55 and Igo2 did not cause defects in mitotic progression. Together, the data suggest that Pkc1 controls PP2ACdc55 by multiple overlapping mechanisms. © 2017 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.


    Vu Thai, Noah Dephoure, Amit Weiss, Jacqueline Ferguson, Ricardo Leitao, Steven P Gygi, Douglas R Kellogg. Protein Kinase C Controls Binding of Igo/ENSA Proteins to Protein Phosphatase 2A in Budding Yeast. The Journal of biological chemistry. 2017 Mar 24;292(12):4925-4941

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 28100785

    View Full Text