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    Thioredoxins are ubiquitous enzymes catalyzing reversible disulfide-bond formation to regulate structure and function of many proteins in diverse organisms. In recent years, reverse genetics and biochemical approaches were used to resolve the functions, specificities, and interactions of the different thioredoxin isoforms and reduction systems in planta and revealed the most versatile thioredoxin system of all organisms. Here we review the emerging roles of the thioredoxin system, namely the integration of thylakoid energy transduction, metabolism, gene expression, growth, and development under fluctuating environmental conditions. We argue that these new developments help us to understand why plants organize such a divergent composition of thiol redox networks and provide insights into the regulatory hierarchy that operates between them. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Peter Geigenberger, Ina Thormählen, Danilo M Daloso, Alisdair R Fernie. The Unprecedented Versatility of the Plant‎ Thioredoxin System. Trends in plant science. 2017 Mar;22(3):249-262

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    PMID: 28139457

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