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    Doripenem population pharmacokinetics and dosing recommendations are limited in obesity. To evaluate the population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of doripenem in obese patients. Hospitalized adults with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2 or total body weight (TBW) ≥45.5 kg over their ideal body weight received doripenem 500 mg every 8 hours, infused over 1 hour. Population pharmacokinetic analyses were performed using NONMEM, and Monte Carlo simulations were performed for 5 intermittent and prolonged infusion dosing regimens to calculate probability of target attainment (PTA) at 40% and 100% fT>MIC (free drug concentrations above the minimum inhibitory concentration). A total of 20 patients were studied: 10 in an intensive care unit (ICU) and 10 in a non-ICU. A 2-compartment model with first-order elimination best described the serum concentration-time data. Doripenem clearance (CL) was significantly associated with creatinine CL (CRCL), volume of the central compartment with TBW and ICU residence, and volume of the peripheral compartment with TBW ( P < 0.05). Using 40% fT>MIC, PTA was >90% for all simulated dosing regimens at MICs ≤2 mg/L. Using 100% fT>MIC, prolonged infusions of 1 g every 6 hours and 2 g every 8 hours achieved >90% PTA at MICs ≤2 mg/L. CRCL, ICU residence, and TBW are significantly associated with doripenem pharmacokinetics. Currently approved dosing regimens provide adequate pharmacodynamic exposures at 40% fT>MIC for susceptible bacteria in obese patients. However, prolonged infusions of larger doses are needed if a higher pharmacodynamic target is desired.

    Citation

    Eun Kyoung Chung, Megan R Fleming, S Christian Cheatham, Michael B Kays. Population Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Doripenem in Obese, Hospitalized Patients. The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 2017 Mar;51(3):209-218

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    PMID: 28168884

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