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    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunoregulatory, anti-inflammatory, and proangiogenic properties and, therefore, have the potential to improve islet engraftment and survival. We assessed the effect human bone marrow-derived MSCs have on neonatal porcine islets (NPIs) in vitro and determined islet engraftment and metabolic outcomes when cotransplanted in a mouse model. NPIs cocultured with MSCs had greater cellular insulin content and increased glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. NPIs were cotransplanted with or without MSCs in diabetic B6.129S7-Rag1tm1Mom/J mice. Blood glucose and weight were monitored until reversal of diabetes; mice were then given an oral glucose tolerance test. Islet grafts were assessed for the degree of vascularization and total cellular insulin content. Cotransplantation of NPIs and MSCs resulted in significantly earlier normoglycemia and vascularization, improved glucose tolerance, and increased insulin content. One experiment conducted with MSCs from a donor with an autoimmune disorder had no positive effects on transplant outcomes. Cotransplantation of human MSCs with NPIs demonstrated a beneficial metabolic effect likely as a result of earlier islet vascularization and improved islet engraftment. In addition, donor pathology of MSCs can influence the functional capacity of MSCs. © 2017 by the American Diabetes Association.

    Citation

    Julie A Hayward, Cara E Ellis, Karen Seeberger, Timothy Lee, Bassem Salama, Aillette Mulet-Sierra, Purushothaman Kuppan, Adetola Adesida, Gregory S Korbutt. Cotransplantation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells With Neonatal Porcine Islets Improve Graft Function in Diabetic Mice. Diabetes. 2017 May;66(5):1312-1321

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    PMID: 28246290

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