Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • cell (9)
  • cell movement (1)
  • glucocorticoids (3)
  • growth (2)
  • GTP (2)
  • humans (1)
  • mitogen (3)
  • mrna (3)
  • osteoblasts (3)
  • osteoporosis (1)
  • osteosarcoma (1)
  • p38 (3)
  • pi 3k (3)
  • protein kinases (2)
  • protein levels (2)
  • rhoB (9)
  • rhob protein (1)
  • rna (5)
  • small g protein (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Long-term exposure to therapeutic doses of glucocorticoids (GCs) results in bone remodeling, which frequently causes osteoporosis and fracture healing retardation because of the abnormality of osteoblastic proliferation and differentiation. The mechanisms of GCs' effect on osteoblasts are largely unknown. In this present study, we found that dexamethasone (Dex) could induce the expression of the small G protein, RhoB, in mRNA and protein levels in the osteoblast-derived osteosarcoma cell lines MG-63. The up-regulation of RhoB mRNA by Dex mainly occurs at posttranscriptional level by increasing its mRNA stability through PI-3K/Akt and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. Over-expression of RhoB in MG-63 cells magnified while down-regulation of RhoB level by RNA interference impaired Dex-induced growth inhibition but not differentiation. What's more, over-expression of RhoB mimicked the effect of Dex on cell adhesion and migration. And interfering RhoB expression partially suppressed Dex-induced pro-adhesion and anti-migration in MG-63 cells. In conclusion, these results indicate that RhoB plays an important role in the pathological effect of Dex on osteoblastic growth and migration, which is a part of the mechanisms of GCs' adverse effect on bone remodeling.


    Fei Diao, Kangyao Chen, Yan Wang, Yidong Li, Weidong Xu, Jian Lu, Yu-Xia Chen. Involvement of small G protein RhoB in the regulation of proliferation, adhesion and migration by dexamethasone in osteoblastic cells. PloS one. 2017;12(3):e0174273

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 28323887

    View Full Text