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Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial chronic disease and is the main cause of death and impairment in the world. Endothelial injury and apoptosis play a crucial role in the onset and development of atherosclerosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been proven to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, studies of the functional role of apoptosis-related miRNAs in the endothelium during atherogenesis are limited. Cell injury and apoptosis were measured in five types of cells transfected with miR-1185 or co-transfected with miR-1185 and its inhibitor. Bioinformatics analysis and a luciferase reporter assay were used to confirm the targets of miR-1185. The effects of the targets of miR-1185 on endothelial apoptosis were determined using small-interfering RNA. In this study, we first report that miR-1185 significantly promoted apoptosis in endothelial cells but not in vascular smooth muscle cells and macrophages. A mechanistic analysis showed that ultraviolet irradiation resistance-associated gene (UVRAG) and krev1 interaction trapped gene 1 (KRIT1), targets of miR-1185, mediated miR-1185-induced endothelial cell apoptosis. The results revealed the impact of miR-1185 on endothelial apoptosis, suggesting that miR-1185 may be a potential target for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis. © 2017 The Author(s)Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.


Haoyuan Deng, Xia Chu, Zhenfeng Song, Xinrui Deng, Huan Xu, Yaxin Ye, Songtao Li, Qiao Zhang, Changhao Sun, Ying Li. MicroRNA-1185 Induces Endothelial Cell Apoptosis by Targeting UVRAG and KRIT1. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. 2017;41(6):2171-2182

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PMID: 28441650

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