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    This study investigated the potential effect of four frequently used inorganic regenerant properties (i.e., ionic strength, cation type, anion type, and regeneration solution volume) on the desorption and adsorption performance of 14 pharmaceuticals, belonging to 12 therapeutic classes with different predominant chemical forms and hydrophobicities, using polymeric anion exchange resin (AER)-packed fixed-bed column tests. After preconditioning with NaCl, NaOH, or saline-alkaline (SA) solutions, all resulting mobile counterion types of AERs effectively adsorbed all 14 pharmaceuticals, where the preferential magnitude of OH--type = Cl- + OH--type > Cl--type. During regeneration, ionic strength (1 M versus 3 M NaCl) had no significant influence on desorption performance for any of the 14 pharmaceuticals, while no regenerant cation (HCl versus NaCl) or anion type (NaCl versus NaOH and SA) achieved higher desorption efficiencies for all pharmaceuticals. A volumetric increase in 1 M or 3 M NaCl solutions significantly improved the desorption efficiencies of most pharmaceuticals, irrespective of ionic strength. The results indicate that regeneration protocols, including regenerant cation type, anion type and volume, should be optimized to improve pharmaceutical removal by AERs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Shaokui Zheng, Xiaofeng Li, Xueyu Zhang, Wei Wang, Shengliu Yuan. Effect of inorganic regenerant properties on pharmaceutical adsorption and desorption performance on polymer anion exchange resin. Chemosphere. 2017 Sep;182:325-331

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    PMID: 28505573

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