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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) is frequently mutated in CRC, and KRAS mutations promote cell motility, growth, and survival. We previously revealed that the expression of phospholipase C (PLC) δ1, one of the most basal PLCs, is down-regulated in colon adenocarcinoma, and that the KRAS signaling pathway suppresses PLCδ1 expression. Although recent studies revealed that KRAS mutations activate autophagy in cancer cells, a relation between PLCδ1 and autophagy remains unclear. Here, we found that PLCδ1 overexpression suppresses the formation of autophagosomes, which are key structures of autophagy, whereas endogenous PLCδ1 knockdown increases autophagosome formation in CRC cells. We also showed that PLCδ1 overexpression promotes cell death under nutrient deprivation. Furthermore, PLCδ1 overexpression suppresses the autophagy induced by the anti-cancer drug oxaliplatin and promotes cell death under oxaliplatin treatment. These data suggest that PLCδ1 negatively regulates autophagy, and PLCδ1 suppression contributes to the tolerance of CRC cells harboring KRAS mutations to nutrient deprivation and anti-cancer drug treatment. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Makoto Shimozawa, Sakiho Anzai, Reiko Satow, Kiyoko Fukami. Phospholipase C δ1 negatively regulates autophagy in colorectal cancer cells. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2017 Jul 08;488(4):578-583

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PMID: 28528980

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