Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The kidney filtration barrier consists of three well-defined anatomic layers comprising a fenestrated endothelium, the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and glomerular epithelial cells, the podocytes. Podocytes are post-mitotic and terminally differentiated cells with primary and secondary processes. The latter are connected by a unique cell-cell contact, the slit diaphragm. Podocytes maintain the GBM and seal the kidney filtration barrier to prevent the onset of proteinuria. Loss of prohibitin-1/2 (PHB1/2) in podocytes results not only in a disturbed mitochondrial structure but also in an increased insulin/IGF-1 signaling leading to mTOR activation and a detrimental metabolic switch. As a consequence, PHB-knockout podocytes develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis and eventually loss of renal function. In addition, experimental evidence suggests that PHB1/2 confer additional, extra-mitochondrial functions in podocytes as they localize to the slit diaphragm and thereby stabilize the unique intercellular contact between podocytes required to maintain an effective filtration barrier.


Christina Ising, Paul T Brinkkoetter. Prohibitin Signaling at the Kidney Filtration Barrier. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2017;982:563-575

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 28551807

View Full Text