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Ubiquitinated plasma membrane proteins (cargo) are delivered to endosomes and sorted by endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery into endosome intralumenal vesicles (ILVs) for degradation. In contrast to the current model that postulates that ILVs form individually from inward budding of the endosomal limiting membrane, plant ILVs form as networks of concatenated vesicle buds by a novel vesiculation mechanism. We ran computational simulations based on experimentally derived diffusion coefficients of an ESCRT cargo protein and electron tomograms of Arabidopsis thaliana endosomes to measure cargo escape from budding ILVs. We found that 50% of the ESCRT cargo would escape from a single budding profile in 5-20 ms and from three concatenated ILVs in 80-200 ms. These short cargo escape times predict the need for strong diffusion barriers in ILVs. Consistent with a potential role as a diffusion barrier, we find that the ESCRT-III protein SNF7 remains associated with ILVs and is delivered to the vacuole for degradation. © 2017 Buono et al.


Rafael Andrade Buono, André Leier, Julio Paez-Valencia, Janice Pennington, Kaija Goodman, Nathan Miller, Paul Ahlquist, Tatiana T Marquez-Lago, Marisa S Otegui. ESCRT-mediated vesicle concatenation in plant endosomes. The Journal of cell biology. 2017 Jul 03;216(7):2167-2177

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PMID: 28592443

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