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We determined the respiratory uptake and depuration kinetics of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) in Perinereis wilsoni, a polychaete sandworm used as a model species to investigate the fate of chemical pollutants in coastal environments. The sandworms were kept in gravel-packed containers, and the water levels were varied cyclically to mimic the tides. We used seawater kept at 17.1°C. A 7-day exposure period was followed by a 9-day depuration period. The dissolved PFOS concentration averaged 28 ng/L during the exposure period. Sandworm samples were collected regularly for analysis of PFOS concentrations, and a first-order-kinetics model was applied to the concentrations. The respiratory absorption efficiency of PFOS was estimated to be 11% that of oxygen, which is higher than the corresponding estimates reported for several fish species. The estimated depuration half-life of 15 days was comparable to previously reported estimates for fish and oligochaete species. The bioconcentration factor was 470.


Takeo Sakurai, Jun Kobayashi, Nozomi Ito, Shigeko Serizawa, Hiroaki Shiraishi, Tohru Yabe, Yuichi Ishii, Noriyuki Suzuki. Respiratory Uptake and Depuration Kinetics of Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) in a Marine Sandworm Species. Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. 2017 Aug;99(2):203-207

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PMID: 28634686

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