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    Leukocyte common antigen-related (LAR) class protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are critical for axonal guidance; however, their relation to specific guidance cues is poorly defined. We here show that PTP-3, a LAR homolog in Caenorhabditis elegans, is involved in axon guidance regulated by Semaphorin-2A-signaling. PTPδ, one of the vertebrate LAR class PTPs, participates in the Semaphorin-3A (Sema3A)-induced growth cone collapse response of primary cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons from Mus musculus embryos. In vivo, however, the contribution of PTPδ in Sema3A-regualted axon guidance was minimal. Instead, PTPδ played a major role in Sema3A-dependent cortical dendritic growth. Ptpδ-/- and Sema3a-/- mutant mice exhibited poor arborization of basal dendrites of cortical layer V neurons. This phenotype was observed in both male and female mutants. The double-heterozygous mutants, Ptpδ+/-; Sema3a+/-, also showed a similar phenotype, indicating the genetic interaction. In Ptpδ-/- brains, Fyn and Src kinases were hyperphosphorylated at their C-terminal Tyr527 residues. Sema3A-stimulation induced dephosphorylation of Tyr527 in the dendrites of wild-type cortical neurons but not of Ptpδ-/- Arborization of cortical basal dendrites was reduced in Fyn-/- as well as in Ptpδ+/-; Fyn+/- double-heterozygous mutants. Collectively, PTPδ mediates Sema3A-signaling through the activation of Fyn by C-terminal dephosphorylation.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT The relation of leukocyte common antigen-related (LAR) class protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and specific axon guidance cues is poorly defined. We show that PTP-3, a LAR homolog in Caenorhabditis elegans, participates in Sema2A-regulated axon guidance. PTPδ, a member of vertebrate LAR class PTPs, is involved in Sema3A-regulated cortical dendritic growth. In Sema3A signaling, PTPδ activates Fyn and Src kinases by dephosphorylating their C-terminal Tyr residues. This is the first evidence showing that LAR class PTPs participate in Semaphorin signaling in vivo. Copyright © 2017 the authors 0270-6474/17/377126-15$15.00/0.


    Fumio Nakamura, Takako Okada, Maria Shishikura, Noriko Uetani, Masahiko Taniguchi, Takeshi Yagi, Yoichiro Iwakura, Toshio Ohshima, Yoshio Goshima, Stephen M Strittmatter. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase δ Mediates the Sema3A-Induced Cortical Basal Dendritic Arborization through the Activation of Fyn Tyrosine Kinase. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. 2017 Jul 26;37(30):7125-7139

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    PMID: 28637841

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