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Multicentric carpal-tarsal osteolysis; multicentric osteolysis, nodulosis, and arthropathy; and Winchester syndromes, skeletal dysplasias characterized by carpal/tarsal and epiphyseal abnormalities, are caused by mutations in v-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene ortholog B (MAFB), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2, and MMP14, respectively; however, the underlying pathophysiology is unclear. Osteoclast-mediated osteolysis has been regarded as the main mechanism, but does not explain the skeletal distribution. We hypothesized that MAFB, MMP-2, and MMP-14 have integral roles in carpal/tarsal and epiphyseal bone development. Normal neonatal mouse forepaws were imaged by micro-computed tomography and examined histologically. Murine forepaw ossification occurred sequentially. Subarticular regions of endochondral ossification showed morphologic and calcification patterns that were distinct from archetypical physeal endochondral ossification. This suggests that two different forms of endochondral ossification occur. The skeletal sites showing the greatest abnormality in the carpal-tarsal osteolysis syndromes are regions of subarticular ossification. Thus, abnormal bone formation in areas of subarticular ossification may explain the site-specific distribution of the carpal-tarsal osteolysis phenotype. MafB, Mmp-2, and Mmp-14 were expressed widely, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining notably was absent in the subarticular regions of the cartilage anlagen and entheses at a time point most relevant to the human osteolysis syndromes. Thus, abnormal peri-articular skeletal development and modeling, rather than excessive bone resorption, may be the underlying pathophysiology of these skeletal syndromes. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Syndia Lazarus, Hsu-Wen Tseng, Felicity Lawrence, Maria A Woodruff, Emma L Duncan, Allison R Pettit. Characterization of Normal Murine Carpal Bone Development Prompts Re-Evaluation of Pathologic Osteolysis as the Cause of Human Carpal-Tarsal Osteolysis Disorders. The American journal of pathology. 2017 Sep;187(9):1923-1934

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PMID: 28675805

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