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    Shortages in the availability of transplantable organs have forced the transplant community to seek alternative methods to increase the supply of available organs. In our recent study following α-1,3-galactocyltransferase knockout (GalT-KO) pig-to-baboon kidney xenotransplantation, we found that certain recipients developed increased serum creatinine, possibly due to the rapid growth of orthotopic pig grafts in smaller baboon recipients. To test our hypothesis, we assessed whether the growth of outbred (Yorkshire) organ transplants (kidney and lung) in miniature swine was regulated by intrinsic (graft) factors. Yorkshire kidneys reached 3.7× their initial volume over 3 months vs. 1.2× for miniature swine kidneys over a similar time period. A similar pattern was seen in porcine lung allografts as well. Following xenotransplantation, a review of our results suggests that there is a threshold for kidney graft volume of 25 cm3/kg of recipient body weight at which cortical ischemia is induced in transplanted GalT-KO kidneys in baboons. These results suggest that intrinsic factors are in part responsible for the growth of donor organs and this should be taken into consideration for growth-curve-mismatched transplants.


    Jigesh A Shah, Tatsu Tanabe, Kazuhiko Yamada. Role of Intrinsic Factors in the Growth of Transplanted Organs Following Transplantation. Journal of immunobiology. 2017 Jun;2(2)

    PMID: 28725880

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