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    4-Methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid, 4-methylnonanoic acid, and 3-methylindole are primary contributors to the distinctive aroma and flavor of lamb meat. The reactions of H3 O+ , NO+ , and O2+ with these compounds, and identification of the product ions and their distribution, are fundamental to their characterization and rapid, real-time trace analysis using selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS). The chemical ionization of pure standards of 4-ethyloctanoic acid, 4-methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethylnonanoic acid, and 3-methylindole was carried out using the H3 O+ , NO+ , and O2+ reagent ions of a V200™ SIFT mass spectrometer. Kinetic data were calculated using the Langevin collision rate with parameterized trajectory equations. Identification of product ions, distribution, and interferences was performed by further evaluation of the pertinent ion-molecule reaction mechanisms, careful spectral analyses, and molecular mass-molecular structure pairing. The collisional capture rate constants of the reaction of the precursor ions H3 O+ , NO+ , and O2+ , their extended hydrates and the analytes, which were assumed to occur at or near the collisional rate, were all of the order of 10-9  cm3 molecule s-1 - typical for bimolecular ion-molecule reactions. Positive identification of the primary and secondary product ions, fragmented ionic species, and potential ion conflicts and interferences, from each reagent ion channel, was determined for each compound. We have established the ion chemistry involved in the ionization of the 4-alkyl branched-chain fatty acids and 3-methylindole using the precursor ions, H3 O+ , NO+ , and O2+ in SIFT-MS. The ion-molecular chemistry and the associated kinetics serve as a fundamental basis for the accurate characterization of these compounds by SIFT-MS. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


    Hardy Z Castada, Sheryl A Barringer, Macdonald Wick. Gas-phase chemical ionization of 4-alkyl branched-chain carboxylic acids and 3-methylindole using H3 O+ , NO+ , and O2+ ions. Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM. 2017 Oct 15;31(19):1641-1650

    PMID: 28752562

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