Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • acid (1)
  • birth (1)
  • bone density (2)
  • death (1)
  • denosumab (4)
  • female (1)
  • humans (1)
  • infant (1)
  • infant newborn (1)
  • japan (1)
  • ligand (1)
  • male (1)
  • mothers (4)
  • newborns (9)
  • osteoclast (2)
  • osteoporosis (1)
  • patients (1)
  • pregnancy (4)
  • pregnant (2)
  • rank ligand (2)
  • RANKL (7)
  • receptor nuclear (1)
  • serum (1)
  • skeletal (1)
  • stomachs (1)
  • Tnfsf11 (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Denosumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that neutralizes receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) and blocks osteoclast differentiation, has received approval in Japan for use as an anti-resorptive drug for osteoporosis and skeletal-related events (SREs) in patients with solid cancer. Denosumab is contraindicated during pregnancy, though the effects of blocking RANKL activity on pregnant mothers and their newborns are unclear. We used mice to investigate the effects of an anti-RANKL antibody on maternal and newborn health. Mothers injected with the anti-RANKL antibody had increased bone mass as compared with the controls, while osteoclast number and the level of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) in serum were increased at the end of pregnancy. Newborn mice exposed to the antibody in utero were normally born, but showed increased bone mass and died within 48 h after birth. None of the newborns were found to have milk in their stomachs, suggesting that they died due to a maternal defect in lactation. Consistent with this, anti-RANKL antibody-injected mothers displayed impaired mammary gland development. However, fostering by healthy surrogate mothers rescued only 33% of the antibody-exposed newborns, suggesting that neonatal mortality was due, at least in part, to an intrinsic defect in the newborns. Our findings show that anti-RANKL antibody administration during pregnancy results in not only an undesirable increase in bone mass, but also has harmful effects on newborn survival. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Nobuaki Okamatsu, Nobuhiro Sakai, Akiko Karakawa, Naoka Kouyama, Yurie Sato, Katsunori Inagaki, Yuji Kiuchi, Katsuji Oguchi, Takako Negishi-Koga, Masamichi Takami. Biological effects of anti-RANKL antibody administration in pregnant mice and their newborns. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2017 Sep 23;491(3):614-621

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 28760341

    View Full Text