Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Drebrin is a major F-actin-binding protein in the brain. In the past two decades, many drebrin-binding proteins in addition to F-actin have been identified in several research fields including neuroscience, oncology, and immunology. Among the drebrin-binding proteins, there are various kinds of proteins including scaffold proteins, nuclear proteins, phosphatases, microtubule-binding proteins, G-actin-binding proteins, gap junction proteins, chemokine receptors, and cell-adhesion-related proteins. The interaction between drebrin and its binding partners seems to play important roles in higher brain functions, because drebrin is involved in the pathogenesis of some neurological diseases with cognitive defects. In this chapter, we will first review the interaction of Homer and spikar with drebrin, particularly focusing on spine morphogenesis and synaptic function. Homer contributes to spine morphogenesis by cooperating with shank and activated Cdc42 small GTPase, suggesting a novel signaling pathway comprising Homer, drebrin, shank, and Cdc42 for spine morphogenesis. Drebrin sequesters spikar in the cytoplasm and stabilizes it in dendritic spines, leading to spine formation. Finally, we will introduce some other drebrin-binding proteins including end-binding protein 3 (EB3), profilin, progranulin, and phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN). These proteins are involved in Alzheimer's disease and cancer. Therefore, further studies on drebrin and its binding proteins will be of great importance to elucidate the pathologies of various diseases and may contribute to their medical treatment and diagnostics development.


Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Tomoaki Shirao. Homer, Spikar, and Other Drebrin-Binding Proteins in the Brain. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2017;1006:249-268

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 28865024

View Full Text